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  • Published: 26 Jan 2009
  • DOI: 10.4324/9780415310925
  • Set ISBN: 9780415310925

Set Contents

New Zealand


In 1912 a leading London newspaper declared that ‘[i]n the making of Empire woman plays but little direct and visible part’. Eveline Mitford thought this an ‘astonishing assertion’, but conceded that it was ‘probably the opinion of most people who have not gone into the question for themselves, for the great duties and responsibilities that rest upon women in the arduous work of moulding a new country are rarely recognised or appreciated’.1 It was the heyday of ‘new imperialism’, that period between the mid-1870s and the outbreak of the First World War when there was an unprecedented outpouring of imperial sentiment and pursuit of imperial gains.2 The previous year a month-long Imperial Conference had been held in London and the Festival of Empire had been celebrated at the Crystal Palace. At the time Mitford was writing the League of Empire had just held the first conference of teachers’ associations from around the Empire and the Duke of Westminster was busy establishing a new ‘Imperial Fund’ to further imperial causes.3 Yet women’s work within and for the Empire was still being ignored. As Mitford noted, the British press was happy to report men’s imperial achievements, but ‘the work of women in our Dominions is rarely considered of sufficient interest to be chronicle[d]’.4

Volume Contents

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    Front Matter
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    Introduction
  • Imperial Views
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      1
      Extracts from Mr McDonnell’s MS Journal, Containing Observations on New Zealand (London: James Moyes, 1834), pp. 5–13.
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      2
      The British Colonization of New Zealand: Being an Account of the Principles, Objects and Plans of the New Zealand Association, Together with Particulars Concerning the Position, Extent, Soil and Climate, Natural Production and Native Inhabitants of New Zealand (London: J. W. Parker, 1837), pp. 288–96.
  • Missionaries
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      3
      A Personal Narrative of Two Visits to New Zealand on His Majesty’s Ship Alligator, A.D. 1834 (London: Nisbet, 1836), pp. 51–4.
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      4
      Journal of Eliza White, Monday 27 May 1833 and Sunday 21 Oct. 1833 (MET 11/2/2, John Kinder Theological Library, Auckland). (transcribed typescript)
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      5
      Our Maoris (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1884), pp. 209–17.
  • Migration
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      6
      Great Britain and Ireland: New Zealand Female Immigration (Further Papers Relative to the Affairs of New Zealand) (1851), pp. 14–15.
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      7
      Travels and Adventures of an Officer’s Wife in India, China, and New Zealand, 2 vols (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1864), vol. II, pp. 207–9.
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      8
      A Few Words to Emigrants’ Wives (London: Jarrold and Sons, c.1870), pp. 13–22, 25–7, 30–2.
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      9
      ‘Female Emigration to New Zealand’, The Times, 21 Apr. 1873, p. 6.
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      10
      A. M. to Miss Lefroy, Imperial Colonist IV (39) (Mar. 1905), p. 31.
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      11
      ‘Pleasant Homes in the Roadless North’, Imperial Colonist VI (73) (Jan. 1908), pp. 5–7.
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      12
      ‘New Zealand as a Field for Women’, Imperial Colonist XI (141) (Oct. 1913), pp. 168–70.
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      13
      ‘Openings for Women in New Zealand’, Imperial Colonist XVII (207) (June 1919), pp. 90–3.
  • Life in the Colony
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      14
      ‘Colonial Memories: Old New Zealand. I’, Cornhill Magazine 88 (1903), pp. 749–59.
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      15
      Letters from Letter Book No. 1, pp. 101–4, 133–5, 280–3, 331–3, Women’s Migration and Oversea Appointments Society, Fawcett Society Library, Australian Joint Copying Project (microfilm reel m 468) (originals held at the Women’s Library, London Metropolitan University; ref. 1FME Records of the Female Middle Class Emigration Society): From Miss I. M. Cary, Manor Lodge, Dunedin, to Miss Lewin, 18 Oct. 1863 From Miss Cary, Dunedin, to Dear Madam, 15 Sept. 1864 From Miss I. M. Cary, Wanganui, to Madam, 2 Oct. 1867 From Miss E. C. Brook, Dunedin, to Dear Madam, 20 Jan. 1869. (transcribed typescript)
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      16
      ‘Write me a letter to-night, Love’, in Tom Bracken (ed.), Tom Bracken’s Annual, No. 2, 1897 (Dunedin, 1897), p. 21.
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      17
      In the Land of the Tui: My Journal in New Zealand (London: Sampson Low, Marston and Company Ltd, 1894), pp. 45–9.
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      18
      Our Stolen Summer: The Record of a Roundabout Tour (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1900), pp. 72–6.
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      19
      ‘Such a Treasure!’, in A. R. Buckland (ed.), The Empire Annual for Girls (London, 1911), pp. 120–30.
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      20
      ‘Tent Life in the New Zealand Bush’, in A. R. Buckland (ed.), The Empire Annual for Girls (London, 1916), pp. 129–34.
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      21
      ‘Fruit Farming in New Zealand’, Imperial Colonist XX (237) (May 1922), pp. 74–5.
  • Suffrage
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      22
      An Appeal to the Men of New Zealand (Nelson: J. Hounsell, 1869).  FEMMINA  [MARY  ANN  MULLER]
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      23
      ‘The Member for Auckland City on Women’s Suffrage’, Englishwoman’s Review 67 (15 Nov. 1878), pp. 486–94.
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      24
      ‘The Question of Female Suffrage’, Zealandia 1 (4) (Oct. 1889), pp. 229–32.
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      25
      ‘New Zealand’s Experience’, Political Equality Series III (6) (c.1907).
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      26
      Woman Suffrage in New Zealand (London: The Woman’s Press, 1913).
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      27
      What We Have Done with the Franchise (Wellington, c.1925).
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      28
      The Triumph of Woman’s Rights: A Prophetic Vision (Auckland: W. McCullough Printers, c.1893), pp. 5–14.
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      29
      ‘Woman Suffrage in New Zealand: A Commentary’, and ‘Results of Woman Suffrage’, reprinted from the Anti-Suffrage Review, Oct. 1911 and Morning Post, 12 and 21 Oct. 1911 (New Zealand and Australia from an Anti-Suffrage Point of View (New York State Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage, New York City, c.1912), pp. 2–5).
  • Social Reform
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      30
      ‘Address by Lady Stout at the Inaugural Meeting of the Southern Cross Society’ (Wellington, 1895).
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      31
      Journal of Eliza White, 21 Oct. 1835 (MET 11/2/4, John Kinder Theological Library, Auckland). (transcribed typescript)
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      32
      ‘Temperance Reform’, The National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Fifth Session, Dunedin 3–12 May 1900 (Christchurch: Smith, Anthony, Sellars and Company Ltd, 1900), pp. 46–9.
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      33
      Editorial, ‘A New Zealand Trafalgar Day’, White Ribbon, 16 Oct. 1905, pp. 6–7.
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      34
      ‘A Day in the Street Getting Signatures to the Six O’Clock Closing Petition’, White Ribbon, 18 Aug. 1916, pp. 3–4.
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      35
      ‘Palmerston North Scientific Temperance Competitions, 1916’, White Ribbon, 19 Mar. 1917, p. 4.
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      36
      ‘Women’s Disabilities’, White Ribbon, Jan. 1901, pp. 1–2.
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      37
      ‘The Domestic and Political Influence of Our Late Queen’, Press (Christchurch), 6 Feb. 1901, p. 4.
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      38
      ‘The Removal of the Civil and Political Disabilities of Women’, The National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Seventh Session, Napier 5–15 May 1902 (Gisborne: Gisborne Times Office, 1902), pp. 64–9.
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      39
      ‘Some General Principles of Good Citizenship’, White Ribbon, 18 July 1913, pp. 10–11.
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      40
      ‘Police Women’, White Ribbon, 18 Nov. 1916, pp. 9–11.
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      41
      Women and the Labour Movement (Wellington: The Labour Book Room, 1933).
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      42
      ‘The Nationality of Married Women’, Tomorrow, 2 Jan. 1935, pp. 11–12; 9 Jan. 1935, pp. 14–15.
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      43
      ‘Women—Left Turn!’, Tomorrow, 25 May 1938, pp. 473–6.
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      44
      Mrs M. Steadman Aldis to Mrs Scatcherd, 23 Mar. 1888, reprinted in The Dawn: A Quarterly Sketch of the Progress of the Work of the British, Continental and General Federation for the Abolition of the State Regulation of Vice, 1 Aug. 1888, p. 9.
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      45
      ‘The C.D. Acts’, National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Third Session, Wellington 20–28 April 1898 (Wanganui: A. D. Willis, General Printer, 1898), pp. 36–8.
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      46
      ‘An Appeal to the Women of New Zealand’, White Ribbon, Feb. 1902, pp. 1–2.
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      47
      ‘Reasons Why Preventives Should Not Be Used’, White Ribbon, 18 Oct. 1912, pp. 13–14.
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      48
      ‘White Slave Traffic: To the Men of New Zealand from the Women’s Christian Temperance Union of New Zealand’, White Ribbon, 18 June 1914, p. 13.
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      49
      ‘Mrs Perryman’s Address on Much-Needed Social Reforms, Delivered at the Wanganui Convention on Tuesday Evening, March 21st’, White Ribbon, 18 May 1916, pp. 3–4.
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      50
      Mrs R. A. (Mary) S—to Dr Stopes, 28 Mar. 1937, and Dr Stopes to Mrs R. A. S—, 29 Apr. 1937 (PP/MCS Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes, A 310 New Zealand General Correspondence, Contemporary Medical Archives Collection, Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, Australian Joint Copying Project, microfilm reel m2573).
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      51
      ‘Domestic Servants’, The National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Fifth Session, Dunedin 3–12 May 1900 (Christchurch: Smith, Anthony, Sellars and Company Ltd, 1900), pp. 63–7.
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      52
      The Do-Little Dialogues on the Domestic Situation and its Solution (Auckland: Gordon & Gotch, 1912).
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      53
      Education of Girls: Read Before the Auckland Teachers’ Association, June 20th, 1874 (Auckland: Upton & Co., 1874), pp. 5–12.
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      54
      ‘The Present Development of Women’s Education in New Zealand’, Journal of Education, 1 Oct. 1893, pp. 543–5.
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      55
      Society for the Promotion of the Health of Women and Children. Addresses Delivered by Doctors F. C. Batchelor and Truby King at the Annual Meeting of the above Society, Held at Burns Hall, Wednesday, May 19, 1909 (Dunedin, 1909), pp. 4–10.
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      56
      ‘Marriage of the Unfit’, White Ribbon, May 1910, pp. 1–2; June 1910, pp. 1–2.
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      57
      ‘The Racial Instinct’, Evening Star (Dunedin), 22 July 1916.
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      58
      ‘The Economic Independence of Married Women’, White Ribbon, May 1896, pp. 7–8.
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      59
      ‘Equal Pay for Equal Work’, The National Council of the Women of New Zealand, Seventh Session, Napier 5–15 May 1902 (Gisborne: Gisborne Times Office, 1902), pp. 32–8.
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      60
      ‘Women in Industry in New Zealand’, in Women of the Pacific: Being a Record of the Proceedings of the First Pan-Pacific Women’s Conference Which was Held in Honolulu from the 9th to the 19th of August 1928, Under the Auspices of the Pan-Pacific Union (Honolulu: Pan-Pacific Union, 1928), pp. 86–9.
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      61
      ‘The Position of Women’, Tomorrow, 11 Dec. 1935, pp. 10–11.
  • `Converting' Maori Women into Imperial Sisters
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      62
      ‘The Girls of New Zealand’, Girl’s Realm II (Dec. 1899), pp. 151–2. ‘ALIEN’
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      63
      ‘Hinemoa’s Swim’, School Journal, Pt. I, V (10) (Nov. 1911), pp. 154–63.
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      64
      ‘The Maoris’, in Little People in Far-Off Lands: Our Island Cousins (Australia, New Zealand, and Ceylon) (Leeds: E. J. Arnold and Son Ltd, c.1921), pp. 18–25.
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      65
      ‘Work Among Maoris’, White Ribbon, Nov. 1895, pp. 6–7.
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      66
      ‘Ripoata Maori’ [Maori Report], White Ribbon, 17 Nov. 1911, pp. 4–6.
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      67
      ‘Turakina Maori Girls’ School’, White Ribbon, 15 Jan. 1907, p. 5.
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      68
      ‘The New Zealand Grace Darling’, School Journal, Pt. II, III (5) (June 1909), pp. 66–9.
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      69
      ‘The Story of a New Zealand Heroine’, White Ribbon, 18 Aug. 1913, p. 13. The ‘Cost’ of ‘Civilization’
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      70
      Our Stolen Summer: The Record of a Roundabout Tour (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1900), pp. 80–5.
  • Fighting for Empire
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      71
      Our Empire Story: Stories of India and the Greater Colonies (London and Edinburgh: T. C. and E. C. Jack, 1908), pp. 229–37.
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      72
      Jane Maria Atkinson to Margaret Taylor, 17 Jan. 1858, in Emily Richmond (ed.), Family Letters of the Richmonds and Atkinsons and Others (Wellington: Issued for Private Circulation by A. H. and A. W. Reed for Mary E. and Emily Richmond), pp. 20–3 (transcribed typescript).
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      73
      Maria Nicholson, New Plymouth, to her cousin Mrs Elizabeth Hall, England, 25 Mar. 1860 (Elizabeth Hall Papers, MS-0292, Hocken Collections, Dunedin) (transcribed typescript).
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      74
      Mrs Sarah H. Selwyn, Auckland, to M. A. P., 30 Aug. 1860, in Extracts of Letters from New Zealand on the War Questions; With an Article from the New Zealand Spectator of November 3rd, 1860 and a Copy of the Native Offenders’ Bill (London: F. J. Wilson, 1861), pp. 21–7.
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      75
      Jane Maria Atkinson to Margaret Taylor, 5 Apr. 1861, in Emily Richmond (ed.), Family Letters of the Richmonds and Atkinsons and Others (Wellington: Issued for Private Circulation by A. H. and A. W. Reed for Mary E. and Emily Richmond), pp. 219–23 (transcribed typescript).
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      76
      Travels and Adventures of an Officer’s Wife in India, China, and New Zealand, 2 vols (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1864), vol. II, pp. 276–84.
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      77
      New Zealanders and the Boer War or Soldiers from the Land of the Moa (Christchurch: Gordon and Gotch, 1906), pp. 225–9, 231–2, 243–4. A NEW ZEALANDER [MRS A. G. HAWDON]
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      78
      ‘Our Real Foes’, White Ribbon, 16 June 1902, pp. 6–7.
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      79
      ‘Patriotism and Imperialism’, White Ribbon, 18 Aug. 1913, pp. 1–3.
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      80
      ‘The Otago and Southland Women’s  Patriotic Association Recommend the Following Methods’ (Misc-MS-0640, Hocken Collections, Dunedin).
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      81
      ‘At Anzac in a Hospital Ship’, School Journal, Pt. III, X (5) (June 1916), pp. 154–9.
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      82
      ‘The Mother’s Vision’, Along the Road: A Book of New Zealand Life and Travel (Auckland: Unity Press, 1929), pp. 227–31.
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      83
      ‘The Peace Front and the Women’, Tomorrow, 16 Aug. 1939, pp. 669–70.